首 页 关于柏威 货运服务 货运跟踪 货运知识 货运工具 在线服务 人力资源 联系柏威 企业互动
货运知识
货运知识 > 外贸知识
Service-related Terms 运输条款相关术语
  • 点击3492
  • 发布:2009-10-10
Service-related Terms 运输条款相关术语
A. CY/CY (Y/Y) This CY to CY service means: 场到场
FCL/FCL Containers packed by Shippers off Carrier’s
premises, and delivered to Carrier’s CY, accepted
by Consignee at Carrier’s CY and unpacked off
Carrier’s premises, all at the risk and expense of
the cargo.。。for pick up intact by consignee
B. CY/CFS (Y/S) This CY to CFS service means : 场到站
FCL/LCL Containers packed by Shippers off Carrier’s
premises and Delivered to Carrier’s CY, Unpacked
by the Carrier at the destination port CFS, All at the
risk and expense of the cargo 。。devanned by the
carrier for loose pick up
C. CFS/CFS (S/S) This CFS to CFS service means : 站到站
Cargo delivered to Carrier’s CFS to be packed
by Carrier; To be unpacked by Carrier at Carrier’s
destination port CFS; All at the risk and expense of
the cargo。A kind of cargo movement by container.
Delivered loose at origin point with vanning by carrier,
devanned by carrier at destination, and picked up
loose at destination.
D. CFS/CY ( S/Y) This CFS to CY service means : 站到场
Cargo delivered to Carrier’s CFS to be packed by
Carrier; Accepted by Consignee at Carrier’s CY
and Unpacked by Consignee off Carrier’s premises;
All at the risk and expense of the cargo.
E. D/D Door to Door 门到门
Containers can be fetched by carrier at sender’s place
by using lorries or rail cars and conveyed to container
terminal for loading. At the other end of journey the
container can be delivered at receiver’s place upon arrival.
F. Co-Load(-ing) 套约拼装
(1) The Combining of Cargo, in the import or export foreign
commerce of the U.S., by 2 or more NVOCCs for tendering
to the ocean carrier under the name of 1 master NVOCC.
套约拼装是指,美国外贸进出口业务中,2个以上NVOCC的
拼装货物以1个主装NVOCC的名义交远洋承运人出运
(2) Carrier engages in co-loading by tendering cargo and/or
receiving cargo from other NVOCCs.
承运人从别的NVOCC处接运货物进行套约拼装
(3) When shippers’ cargo is tendered for co-loading to other
NVOCCs the tendering NVOCC shall be liable to the shipper
to the full extent provided in its Bill of Lading and such Bill
of lading liability shall not be altered by co-loading.
接受托运人货物,尔后再跟别的NVOCC货物拼装,接载的
NVOCC对托运人货物承担其提单条款中所规定的所有责任;
责任的性质不因套约拼装而改变。
(4) Shippers are responsible for payment of rates and charges only
to the extent that such rates and charges are provided in this tariff.
托运人仅向接载NVOCC支付该NVOCC费率中规定的海运
费和其它附加费
(5) The carrier shall notify shippers that their cargo has been
co-loaded by annotating each applicable Bill of Lading
with the following statement ‘Cargo covered by this Bill of
Lading has been co-loaded with cargo of ( names of other
NVOCCs)
承运人应通知托运人其货物已与。。。拼装;注明该票提单
货已与另一家NVOCC货物拼装。
(6) Carrier-to-Carrier Co-loading---carrier engages in co-loading
under agreements with one or more other NVOCCs
承运人跟承运人拼装------承运人可以按合约跟1个或者多个
NVOCC拼装
(7) Shipper-to-Carrier Co-loading---when carrier engages in
co-loading on a Shipper-to- carrier basis, carrier is responsible
for the payment of all charges assessed by the NVOCC to which
cargo was tendered.
Shipper is responsible for freight and charges only to the extent
that such are set forth in this tariff.
托运人跟承运人拼装------承运人做‘托运人跟承运人拼装’时,
承运人应负责支付NVOCC所栏货源的海运费和附加费。托运人
仅按其费率规定支付费用
A. Is the master NVOCC the responsible filing party for all bills of
lading in a co-loaded container ?
套约拼装箱所有的提单货是否都由主装的那家NVOCC负责报备?
答:目前美国海关边防总署给‘ master NVOCC (主装NVOCC) ’
下的定义是:负责将箱子交由船舶承运人运输的NVOCC。具有自动
申报的主装NVOCC负责为不具备自动申报各方货物的报备。而不具
备自动申报条件的主装NVOCC则负责为不具备自动申报的各装家
向承运人提供书面的货物申报单。
B. If all the NVOCCs in a co-loaded box are ‘automated’, can each
NVOCC file the information needed from its own bills of lading in AMS ?
套约拼装箱各家NVOCC都具备自动申报能力,是否每家都可以通过
AMS各自报备自己提单货物的信息 ?
答:具备自动申报条件的主装NVOCC负责为向其提供书面申报的各家报备。
具有自动申报能力的NVOCC参与拼装必须通过AMS系统直接向美国
海关边防总署报备。不具备自动申报能力的NVOCC应向主装NVOCC
提供货物申报信息,由其再将信息传送致美国海关边防总署。不具备自
动申报条件的NVOCC在与一家具备自动申报能力的主装NVOCC拼
装时,不许将货物申报信息提供给船舶经营人。
C. If each NVOCC can file, does the vessel carrier need to know how
many NVOCCs are obliged to file in AMS for a container it is loading
and transporting, and how would it know this ? Will each co-loading
NVOCC have to list the vessel carrier as the Second Notify Party for its
filing to be acceptable ?
如果每家NVOCC都可以报备,船舶承运人有无必要知道它
所承运的拼装箱内到底有多少家是通过AMS报备 ?怎样才
能够知道 ?是否参与拼装的每家NVOCC都要把船舶承运人
列为第二通知方报备方可接受 ?
答:具备自动申报能力的NVOCC应报备所有提单货物信息的全部
数据并将船舶承运人列为第二通知方。AMS系统不会通知船舶
承运人拼装箱内到底有多少家NVOCC。即便是船舶承运人需
要了解,通过AMS系统也无从获得。很多承运人缮制表格让
具备自动申报条件的NVOCC填写,表格即可显示拼装箱内
有多少票提单货以及提单号。
D. The commentary states that if a non-automated NVOCC is
co-loading with an automated ‘master’ NVOCC, the non-automated
NVOCC ‘must fully disclose and present the required manifest for
their cargo to the automated NVOCC who would be required to
present this information to CBP via vessel AMS.’ If the non-automated
co-loading NVOCC does not want to give its bill of lading
information to the master NVOCC(a potential competitor), but comes
to the vessel carrier to file its cargo declaration information via
AMS, do the regulations permit this or is the AMS filing only to be
done by the automated NVOCC ?
评论称,如果一家非自动申报的NVOCC跟一家自动申报的主装
NVOCC拼装,前者必须将全部的舱单信息向后者公开,由后者
通过船舶的AMS系统向美国海关边防总署报备。如果参加拼装的
这家非自动申报NVOCC不想让一起拼装的主装NVOCC(潜在竞
争对手)知道提单信息,直接找到了船舶承运人通过他的AMS系
统进行报备,规定是否可以允许这样做 ?还是AMS报备必须要通
过具有自动申报的NVOCC来做 ?
答:请参看上述问题B)的回答。
What is lawful co-loading?
什么是合法CO-LOADING?
Two types:
二种类型:
Contract NVOCC issues its house bill of lading to Tendering NVOCC (“shipper-to-carrier” relationship).
签约NVOCC向交运货物的NVOCC签发提单(“托运人与承运人”关系)
Contract NVOCC enters into co-loading agreement with Tendering NVOCC
(“carrier-to-carrier” relationship).
签约NVOCC与交运货物的NVOCC签订CO-LOADING协议(“承运人与承运人”关系)
非法的货物 CO-LOADING
Carrier Failure to deal with Contract NVOCC.
承运人绕开直接与之签订服务合同的NVOCC接货
Shipping order submitted by Tendering (non-contract) NVOCC.
托(运)单由交运货物的NVOCC直接提供给承运人
Freight invoice issued to Tendering NVOCC.
承运人直接向交运货物的NVOCC开具运费发票
Freight paid by Tendering NVOCC.
运费由交运货物的NVOCC直接向承运人支付
Result: Violation of the Shipping Act.
结果:违反航运法
Carrier failure to confirm carrier-to-carrier agreement between NVOCCs.
承运人没有确定NVOCC之间的承运人与承运人协议
Must see copy of the agreement.
必须看到协议复印件
Such agreements are rare.
此类协议很少
Carrier may deal directly with Tendering NVOCC.
承运人可以直接与交运货物的无船承运人打交道
Violation of Shipping Act if done knowingly. Could occur in co-loading situation.
明知故犯地违反航运法可能在CO-LOADING情况下发生
NVOCC license may be revoked for: Failure to maintain a bond; or A violation of the Shipping Act.
由于以下原因无船承运人的营业执照可能被吊销:或没有保持保证金处于有效;或违反航运法行为
IPI Inland Points Intermodal。Inland carriage by
another mode of transportation after discharge 内陆点多式联运
上一篇:
下一篇:
Copy right © 深圳柏威国际货运代理有限公司.All right reserved. [粤ICP备06028659号] 技术支持:天地盟网络